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How To Make Coffee Art by Coffee Stain

For me drinking coffee is one of the art as you have to choose the coffee bean that suit your own taste and personality. But this round I going to share with you how to make coffee art. Sometime we will wondering how the barista able to create a nice coffee art and even 3D art.
Thank to Ye Man from Coffee Stain for his guidance. We enjoy the coffee art class. Making a coffee art is not easier as we have to keep trying. 

1) Step 1 - Froth the Milk / Steam Milk

We practice using cool water and add in one drop of soap before we use milk to prevent wastage. All espresso machines will have a steam wand (usually on the side, adjacent to the portafilter) that is used for frothing and steaming milk. You will need a stainless steel frothing pitcher in which to froth the milk. "Frothing" is the process of creating "microbubbles" in the milk. This is done by blowing hot air (or steam) through the milk.

Again, to froth the milk, fill the frothing pitcher no more than 1/3 of the way with cold milk. To prepare the espresso machine for frothing, first open the steam wand to purge any water that had condensed in the tip, then close it again. Then place the tip of the steam wand into the milk so that the tip is about ½ inch below the surface of the milk.

Then open the steam valve all the way at first, and make sure the tip of the wand is kept near the surface of the milk, because it needs to draw air from the milk's surface in order to produce the froth. For frothing, you will need to experiment, but a good starting point is to try to keep the tip about ½ inch below the surface of the milk. For steaming, you can completely submerge the tip.

If the tip is too near to the surface of the milk, it will create bubbles that are too large. Remember that we want "microbubbles." On the other hand, if the tip is too far below the surface of the milk, it will not draw enough air to create froth (which is what we want for steamed milk). You will have to experiment to learn what is appropriate, and remember that as the froth rises, the surface of the milk falls, so you will have to adjust accordingly during the frothing process.

It is also good to swirl the pitcher in a clockwise (or counterclockwise - whichever is more natural for you) motion to create a "whirlpool" motion in the milk. This will cause the froth to be mixed evenly throughout the milk so as to create an even texture.

In fact, you will learn that if you hold the pitcher correctly, you will not need to swirl the pitcher. Instead, the steam pressure itself will make the "whirlpool." To create a natural whirlpool, hold the pitcher level, but keep the (slightly slanted) steam wand near the side of the pitcher. Allowing a natural whirlpool to form is better than manually swirling the pitcher, because you will have better control of the tip-depth when you are holding the pitcher still.

Once the milk has reached this point, move the tip of the wand slowly down into the milk. This distributes the froth into the milk and ensures an even temperature. When the thermometer reads 50 degree or 60 degree, turn off the steam tap and remove the tip from the milk.


2) Espresso Tamping

You will need ground espresso, a tamper and a portafilter. You will be rinsing and wiping clean the portafilter between shots. When adding the coffee to the basket, the goal is to create an even bed of grounds. Draw your finger across the top of the portafilter to even out the shot prior to tamping. If any grounds are on the rim, brush them aside.

Your arm should be straight so the tamper makes contact with the coffee bed evenly and it ready for brewing.
3) Brewing the Coffee
Press the top-right button to bring a shower of hot water into the portafilter. This serves to warm the portafilter and prime the pump. It makes a real difference in the quality of the shot. If your machine is pushing out the espresso at a faster rate, use the group tightener to tighten the screw on the underside of the group head. This will restrict water flow to ensure that the espresso is brewed properly.

4) Create the Coffee Art

The hardest part is pour the froth milk into the coffee and you have to hold your cup 45 degree. I able capture a video regarding this .


You may use any sharp tool to decorate your coffee art. Ye Man try to draw puppy. 

While for 3D art, the different is you need to froth the milk until it create a lot of bubble or foam. Yee Man will advice not to order 3D art if you prefer to drink hot coffee as 3D need to take time to design and by the time they serve to customer , the coffee is cool.

Hope you enjoy reading my blog and you can try yourself if you have coffee maker (big size). If you wish to attend Coffee Art class, find more information at Thanks to Open Rice for given me such a wonderful experience.

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